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Camponotus aethiops
A mid-sized Camponotus that looks like a smaller version of C.vagus, but is better described as a shiny, completely black copy of C.sylvaticus, sharing the same geography, growing speed and behaviour. A pretty and easy-to-keep Camponotus species.
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Camponotus cruentatus
While one of the largest European species, they are different from the other Camponotus. They are probably the most thermophile of the genus in Europe (living also in North-Africa). They can be tricky to raise from a single queen as they are more sensitive to stress and have a more narrow acceptable foundation temperature.
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Camponotus sylvaticus
A smaller, slightly darker version of C.barbaricus. They are a typicaly 'mid-size Camponotus' and their colony will grow faster compared to their larger cousins. Which also means that their workers will be considerably more active and appreciative in accepting proteins. This makes it one of the easiest European Camponotus species to keep.
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Messor barbarus
As an very easy-to-keep granivore with big red-headed majors, this is often a popular choice among beginning ant-keepers. However, they are a very stress-sensitive species which makes them quite tricky unless they have enough workers (~50) and a few majors. Please keep this in mind when selecting a colony size.